The PIP Points System

The DWP makes a decision about your PIP claim according to the following points system. PIP has two components, Daily Living and Mobility, and you can be awarded one, the other or both. Each component is paid at a standard and enhanced rate. To be awarded the standard rate Daily Living component, you need to score 8 points under the Daily Living activities and 12 points for the enhanced rate. To be awarded the standard rate Mobility component, you need to score 8 points under the Mobility activities and 12 points for the enhanced rate. 

Key terms

'Simple meal' This means a hot meal for one using fresh ingredients using either an oven or microwave. You would probably be considered able to prepare food if you can cook a simple meal once per day.   

'Aid or appliance' This means anything you use to help you complete an activity. This could be something specifically designed to be used as an aid such as a walking stick, or a rail in your bathroom. It could also be something not specifically designed as an aid which you use to help you such as a stool to rest on while cooking or a bathroom unit which you use to help yourself get on and off the toilet

'Prompting' This means you need someone to encourage you to do an activity

'Supervision' This means you need someone to be with you when you do an activity 

'Assistance' This means you need someone to do part of an activity for you 

 

 

Funded by:

Daily Living 

1. Preparing food

 

Can prepare and cook a simple meal unaided- 0 points

 

Needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to either prepare or cook a simple- 2 points

Cannot cook a simple meal using a conventional cooker but is able to do so using a microwave- 2 points

Needs prompting to be able to either prepare or cook a simple meal- 2 points

Needs supervision or assistance to either prepare or cook a simple meal- 4 points

Cannot prepare and cook food- 8 points 

2. Taking nutrition

Can take nutrition- 0 points

Needs an aid or appliance or supervision to be able to take nutrition, or needs assistance to cut up food- 2 points

Needs a therapeutic source to be able to take nutrition- 2 points

Needs prompting to be able to take nutrition- 4 points

Needs assistance to be able to manage a therapeutic source to take nutrition- 6 points 

Cannot convey food and drink to their mouth and needs another person to do so- 10 points 

3. Managing therapy or monitoring a health condition

Does not receive medication or therapy or can manage medication or therapy unaided- 0 points

Needs one or more of the following-

To use an aid or appliance to be able to manage medication

Supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to manage medication

Supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to monitor a health condition- 1 point

 

Needs supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to manage therapy which takes no more than 3.5 hours per week- 2 points

 

Needs supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to manage therapy which takes between 3.5 and 7 hours per week- 4 points

 

Needs supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to manage therapy which takes between 7 and 14 hours per week- 6 points

Needs supervision, prompting or assistance to be able to manage therapy which takes more than 14 hours per week- 8 points 

4. Washing and bathing

Can wash and bathe unaided- 0 points

Needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to wash or bathe- 2 points

Needs supervision or prompting to be able to wash or bathe- 2 points 

Needs assistance to be able to wash either their hair or body below the waist- 2 points

Needs assistance to be able to get in or out of a bath or shower- 3 points

Needs assistance to be able to wash their body between the shoulders and waist- 4 points

Cannot wash or bathe at all and needs another person to wash their entire body- 8 points 

5. Managing toilet needs or incontinence 

Can manage toilet needs or incontinence- 0 points

Needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to manage toilet needs or incontinence- 2 points

Needs supervision or prompting to be able to manage toilet needs- 2 points

Needs assistance to be able to manage toilet needs- 4 points

Needs assistance to be able to manage incontinence of either bladder or bowel- 6 points 

Needs assistance to be able to manage incontinence of both bladder and bowel- 8 points 

6. Dressing and undressing

Can dress and undress unaided- 0 points

Needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to dress or undress- 2 points

Needs either-

Prompting to be able to dress, undress or determine appropriate circumstances for remaining clothed, or

Prompting or assistance to be able to select appropriate clothing- 2 points 

Needs assistance to be able to dress or undress the lower body- 2 points

Needs assistance to be able to dress or undress the upper body- 4 points

Cannot dress or undress at all- 8 points 

7. Communicating verbally

Can express and understand verbal information unaided- 0 points

Needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to speak or hear- 2 points

Needs communication support to be able to express or understand complex verbal information- 4 points

Needs communication support to be able to express or understand basic verbal information- 8 points

Cannot express or understand verbal information at all even with communication support- 12 points 

8. Reading and understanding signs, symbols and words

Can read and understand basic and complex written information either unaided or using glasses or contact lenses- 0 points

Needs to use an aid or appliance, other than glasses or contact lenses, to be able to read or understand basic or complex written information- 2 points

Needs prompting to be able to read or understand complex written information- 2 points

Needs prompting to be able to read or understand basic written information- 4 points

Cannot read or understand signs, symbols or works at all- 8 points 

9. Engaging with other people face-to-face

Can engage with other people unaided- 0 points

Needs prompting to be able to engage with other people- 2 points

Needs social support to be able to engage with other people- 4 points

Cannot engage with other people because this would cause either-

Overwhelming psychological distress, or

The claimant would exhibit behaviour which would result in a substantial risk of harm to the claimant or another person- 8 points 

10. Making budgeting decisions

Can manage complex budgeting decisions unaided- 0 points

Needs prompting or assistance to be able to make complex budgeting decisions- 2 points

Needs prompting or assistance to be able to make simple budgeting decisions- 4 points

Cannot make any budgeting decisions at all- 6 points 

Mobility

1. Planning and following a journey

Can plan and follow the route of a journey unaided- 0 points

Needs prompting to be able to undertake any journey to avoid overwhelming psychological distress to the claimant- 4 points

Cannot plan the route of a journey- 8 points

Cannot follow the route of an unfamiliar journey without another person, assistance dog or orientation aid- 10 points 

Cannot follow the route of a familiar journey without another person, an assistance dog or an orientation aid- 12 points 

2. Moving around

Can stand and then move more than 200 metres, either unaided or aided- 0 points

Can stand and then move more than 50 metres but no more than 200 metres, either unaided or aided- 4 points

Can stand and then move unaided more than 20 metres but no more than 50 metres- 8 points

Can stand and then move using an aid or appliance more than 20 metres but no more than 50 metres- 10 points

Can stand and then move more than 1 metre but no more than 20 metres, either aided or unaided- 12 points

Cannot, either aided or unaided-

Stand, or

Move more than 1 metre- 12 points 

For more information, or for help claiming benefits, please get in touch with our benefits team. We provide initial information and advice to everyone. We provide members of the Sheffield ME and Fibromyalgia Group with more detailed advice, casework and representation. 

Email: benefits@sheffieldmegroup.co.uk

Tel: +44 114 253 6700

Sheffield ME and Fibromyalgia Group.

Address: 

The Circle

33 Rockingham Lane

Sheffield

S1 4FW

Email: info@sheffieldmegroup.co.uk

Phone: 0114 2536700

Registered Charity: 1095416

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