The ESA Points System

The DWP makes a decision about your PIP claim according to the following points system. PIP has two components, Daily Living and Mobility, and you can be awarded one, the other or both. Each component is paid at a standard and enhanced rate. To be awarded the standard rate Daily Living component, you need to score 8 points under the Daily Living activities and 12 points for the enhanced rate. To be awarded the standard rate Mobility component, you need to score 8 points under the Mobility activities and 12 points for the enhanced rate. 

Key terms

'Mobilise' This means moving around without help from another person, but with a walking aid like a stick or wheelchair

'Aid or appliance' This means anything you use to help you complete an activity. This could be something specifically designed to be used as an aid such as a walking stick, or a rail in your bathroom. It could also be something not specifically designed as an aid which you use to help you such as a stool to rest on while cooking or a bathroom unit which you use to help yourself get on and off the toilet

'Prompting' This means you need someone to encourage you to do an activity

'Supervision' This means you need someone to be with you when you do an activity 

'Assistance' This means you need someone to do part of an activity for you 

 

 

Physical functions 

1. Moving around 

 

Cannot, without the aid of another person, mobilise more than 50 metres - 15 points

 

Cannot, without the aid of another person, climb or descend 2 steps, even with a handrail - 9 points

Cannot, without the aid of another person, mobilise more than 100 metres- 9 points

Cannot, without the aid of another person, mobilise more than 200 metres- 6 points

None of the above apply- 0 points

2. Standing and sitting 

Cannot, without the aid of another person, stand up from a chair and move to a chair next to it - 15 points

Cannot, for the majority of the time, stand, sit, or a combination of both for more than 30 minutes- 9 points

Cannot, for the majority of the time, stand, sit, or a combination of both for more tan 1 hour- 6 points

 

None of the above apply- 0 points

3. Reaching

Cannot raise either arm, for example to pt something in the top pocket of a coat - 15 points

Cannot raise either arm to your head, for example to put a hat on- 9 points

 

Cannot raise either arm above your head, for example to put something on a shelf above you- 6 points

 

None of the above apply- 0 points

4. Picking up and moving an object

 

Cannot pick up and move a 0.5 litre carton full of liquid, for example a pint of milk- 15 points

Cannot pick up and move a 1 litre carton full of liquid- 9 points

Cannot pick up and move a light bulky object like a cardboard box- 6 points 

None of the above apply- 0 points

5. Manual dexterity 

Cannot press a button with either hand, or cannot turn a page of a book with either hand- 15 points

Cannot pick up something the size of a £1 coin with either hand- 15 points

Cannot use a pen or pencil to make a meaningful mark- 9 points

Cannot use a keyboard or mouse with either hand- 6 points

None of the above apply- 0 points

6. Speaking, writing and typing 

Cannot, by speaking, writing or typing, convey a simple message, for example, 'Stop! There's a car coming'- 15 points

Has significant difficulty conveying a simple message to a stranger through speaking, writing or typing- 9 points

Has some difficulty conveying a simple message to a stranger through speaking, writing or typing- 6 points 

None of the above apply- 0 points 

7. Understanding communication

Cannot understand information, such as a fire escape sign- 15 points

Has significant difficulty understanding a simple message from a stranger due to sensory impairment- 15 points

Has some difficulty understanding a simple message from a stranger due to sensory impairment- 6 points

None of the above apply- 0 points

8. Getting around safely

Cannot navigate around familiar surroundings, without being accompanied by another person, due to sensory impairment.- 15 points

Cannot safely complete a potentially hazardous task such as crossing the road, without being accompanied by another person, due to sensory impairment- 15 points

Cannot navigate around unfamiliar surroundings, without being accompanied by another person, due to sensory impairment- 9 points

None of the above apply- 0 points

9. Controlling bowels and bladder

Experiences either loss of control leading to extensive evacuation of the bowel and/or voiding of the bladder, or substantial leakage of the contents of a collecting device, sufficient to require cleaning and a change in clothing at least once per month- 15 points

The majority of time is at risk of loss of control leading to extensive evacuation of the bowel and/or voiding of the bladder, sufficient to require cleaning and a change in clothing, if not able to reach a toilet quickly- 6 points

None of the above apply- 0 points

10. Staying conscious when awake 

At least once a week, has an involuntary episode of lost or altered consciousness resulting in significantly disrupted awareness or concentration- 15 points

At least once a month, has an involuntary episode of lost or altered consciousness resulting in significantly disrupted awareness or concentration- 6 points

 

None of the above apply- 0 points

 

Mental functions

1. Learning tasks

 

Cannot learn how to complete a simple task, such as making a phone call- 15 points

Cannot learn anything beyond a simple task, such as making a phone call- 9 points

Cannot learn anything beyond a moderately complex task, such as the steps involved in operating a washing machine to clean clothes- 6 points

None of the above apply- 0 points 

2. Hazard awareness

Reduced awareness of everyday hazards leads to a significant risk of injury to self or others, or damage to property or possessions meaning that the claimant requires supervision for the majority of the time to maintain safety- 15 points

 

Reduced awareness of everyday hazards leads to a significant risk of injury to self or others, or damage to property or possessions meaning that the claimant frequently requires supervision to maintain safety- 9 points

Reduced awareness of everyday hazards leads to a significant risk of injury to self or others, or damage to property or possessions meaning that the claimant occasionally requires supervision to maintain safety- 6 points

None of the above apply- 0 points

For more information, or for help claiming benefits, please get in touch with our benefits team. We provide initial information and advice to everyone. We provide members of the Sheffield ME and Fibromyalgia Group with more detailed advice, casework and representation. 

Email: benefits@sheffieldmegroup.co.uk

Tel: +44 114 253 6700

3. Initiating and completing an action

Reduced awareness of everyday hazards leads to a significant risk of injury to self or others, or damage to property or possessions meaning that the claimant requires supervision for the majority of the time to maintain safety- 15 points

 

Reduced awareness of everyday hazards leads to a significant risk of injury to self or others, or damage to property or possessions meaning that the claimant frequently requires supervision to maintain safety- 9 points

Reduced awareness of everyday hazards leads to a significant risk of injury to self or others, or damage to property or possessions meaning that the claimant occasionally requires supervision to maintain safety- 6 points

None of the above apply- 0 points

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